About Gum Disease
Causes & Developement
Causes of Gum Disease: Gum disease has several causes. While daily oral hygiene routines, including brushing, flossing, and rinsing, are critical elements in preventing or controlling gum disease, genetic disposition also plays an important role.
The primary cause of gum disease is an adhesive, colorless layer, called plaque, which accumulates on the surface of the teeth. If plaque is not removed, it hardens and turns into tartar (calculus). Bacteria in the plaque cause infection and destruction of the gum tissues supporting the teeth. When this occurs, the gum separates from the teeth, creating a pocket.